media is a server hosted at the shop that houses drives which are then shared via ftp, http and rsync. If you're a user and just want to browse or download files, please see the user section.

Hardware specs

This was orignally purchsed from TiderDirect and it's title is "HPE ProLiant ML10 Gen9 Tower Server - Intel i3-6100 Dual-Core 3.7GHz Processor, 4GB DDR4 Memory, DVD-RW, No OS, Gigabit Ethernet, USB 3.0 - 866965-S01". Otherwise, specs are:

See detailed PDF as well.


Media runs a vanilla install of Ubuntu 19.04. Give it the static IP of (gateway, subnet, dns and make sure that the pi hole has an entry in it's /etc/hosts file so that it resolve locally in the shop.


There are currently 4 drives: a boot and three data drives. The data drives all mount to /var/ftp/pub thusly:

ubuntu@files:~$ grep -v \# /etc/fstab
UUID=0c6017b8-2df7-4dfa-bfb3-0ce05ac07695 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
UUID=2550-3646  /boot/efi       vfat    umask=0077      0       1
/swapfile       none            swap    sw              0       0
/dev/sdc2       /var/ftp/pub/        ntfs    ro      0       0
/dev/sdd2       /var/ftp/pub/tables1-2  ntfs    ro      0       0
/dev/sdb2       /var/ftp/pub/tables2-2  ntfs    ro      0       0


Apache is installed (sudo install apache2) and then the default vhost is edited to point to /var/ftp and browsing is enabled:

grep -v \# /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf 
<VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
        DocumentRoot /var/ftp
        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
        CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

        <Directory "/var/ftp">
            Options Indexes MultiViews
            AllowOverride None
            Require all granted



TBD - Muffins to put a sentance or three about set up here ;)

rssh chrooted setup

rssh allows for just rsync/scp/sftp access with out letting the user log in with SSH.

To set rssh up, first make sure that prereqs are installed (apt-get install openssh-server openssh-sftp-server ssh-import-id ncurses-term) and then install rssh directly from this pacakage (dpkg -i rssh_2.3.4-7ubuntu0.1_amd64.deb). The reason for this is 19.04, at the time of publishing, didn't have the rssh package in it's repos, so we add it manually via dpkg

Add a media user (useradd media) and specify a password of media. Then set their shell to be rssh in /etc/passwd. Note User ID (1001) may differ, that's unimportant:


Remove /home/media and make it a symlink to the FTP dir (ln -s /var/ftp /home/media).

Finally, update the /etc/rssh.conf to allow scp, sftp, rsync and enable the media user:

grep -v \# /etc/rssh.conf 
logfacility = LOG_USER 
umask = 022